Along with the continuous flooding of the misinformation about vaping, there is a continuous stream of data to uncover the reality of the situation. People like Stanton Glantz will make extreme statements are based on studies that bad (probably done by him) and provide a worldwide platform to spread the message, while the researchers are working hard recognition as a struggle Dr. Konstatinos Farsalinos even get in the media for many of his pieces of research.
This is true in almost every aspect of vaping debate, but a dangerous precedent is “debate” around whether vaping really help smokers quit. That does not. But that did not stop the wrong information from flowing, usually based on a study conducted bad- even sense-check does not pass the most basic of the interested reader, even a non-expert who decided to read behind the headlines.
A great example of this is a study published in 2018, with none other than senior author Stanton Glantz, which looked at data from a Eurobarometer survey in 2014 and concluded:
At the population level, the net effect of the influx of e-cigarettes into the European Union (and England) were associated with conventional smoking cessation depressed.
This conflicts with tons of research from around the world, and it is surprising that there is something wrong with the analysis. That’s why Dr. Farsalinos and Anastasia Barbouni published a new study based on the 2017 version of the same survey, improving analysis and – surprisingly enough – come to completely different conclusions. They found that current or former vaping Daily positively associated with having recently quit smoking.
So what happened here? Why two studies come to such different conclusions?
The Old Study
The study was based on a 2014 Eurobarometer survey look at the data in a way that is pretty basic. The researchers looked at all never-smokers in the survey sample, and compared with those who had regularly vaped with people who have never vaped in terms of their chances of becoming an ex-smoker. They find that it does not see every day, vaping occasional or experimental, ex-smokers may be lower in those who already vaped compared with those who did not.
The big problem with these findings is that vaping has not been around forever. While it is certainly possible to get the e-cigarettes in 2009, said it did not really take off until much later, and the author does not consider how long it’s been since former smokers had quit. Many ex-smokers in the group to stop smoking before vaping even available, which bias the results when compared with such a simple way. It creates an artificial abundance former smokers who quit without vaping, not because vaping does not work, but because that option is not even available for many of them.
The New Study – Update and Improve Analysis
This is where new studies come. The researchers looked at 2017 Eurobarometer survey, with more than 13,000 smokers and ex-sample of the entire European Union. They noted several sociodemographic factors such as age, gender, social class and education, see the participant’s smoking status, and broke into a daily, sometimes and never-vapers, also noted whether they still vaped or has stopped at the time of the survey.
The basic idea is to perform the same analysis as in previous studies, but accounting for the duration of the stop in the analysis. So, rather than lumping all ex-smokers together, no matter how long they will cease researchers grouped into ex-smokers are less than two years, 3-5, six to ten years and more than ten years.
Vaping Associated with Latest Stop
conclusion of the title of this study is that associated with smoking cessation recently vaping during the study. Former smokers who quit smoking there are rarely vaped 10 years, while those who quit smoking during the last five years is significantly more likely other groups vapers. Overall, VAPERS five times a day more likely to have stopped between 2015 and 2017, and three times more likely to have stopped between 2012 and 2015. These figures are based on a mathematical model used in this study and compared to those who had never vaped. If you see a stop smoking in general – regardless of how long ago they left – vapers still 50 percent more likely to have quit smoking.
Moreover, vaping from time to time is not bound to have stopped in the last five years, and a negative correlation with having stopped six or more years before the study (those who sometimes VAPERS less likely have to leave the old ones). This is essentially what the older studies found, but the explanation is clear: very few people vaped before 2011, so it is logical that vapers will be much less likely to end up in this group.
So overall, the results showed a clear link between having recently quit smoking and became vaper – if you vape, you are more likely to have stopped smoking recently from someone who has not. Of course, this is an association and does not prove that vaping help people quit smoking. However, in order to reject the idea that you have to reject a lot of other evidence, so if you take everything we know into account, is a clear sign of other vaping is to help people quit smoking . It is also possible that they stop smoking before beginning to vape (because the investigation had no information on what comes first) but again this is quite unlikely from what we already know.
Former smokers would not start vape
One of the objections to vaping less often repeated is that people who quit smoking can begin vaping as a relapse means. A bit like the hypothesis of the “back door” – they can challenge nicotine vaping and ended up smoking. Fortunately, however, this study provides pretty good evidence that this is not the case.
First of all, 97.7 percent of people who quit smoking more than 10 years before the investigation has never been vaped, and only 0.2 percent per day vape. For people who quit smoking between 6 and 10 years before the survey, only 1.4 percent of the daily vapers, and 91.4 percent did vaped.
This may not be most people surprisingly discovered that are already familiar with vaping and not look specifically for each argument can be used against vaping, but always good to get a confirmation. Of course, if you have stopped smoking there is little reason to want to vape. It is even possible that ex-smokers are at risk of again can take vaping is not endless and smoking – the study does not provide evidence of this, but it remains an interesting possibility.
E-cigarettes will not stop people in Europe Nonoperating
If you followed the pace of research on vaping, this study does not tell you anything new, but it does not add more evidence of something a number of disappointing people have trouble accepting: vaping is an ally in the fight against tobacco-related disease and death. Previous research seeks to play in this fear by grouping people who quit smoking long before vaping popular with people that could feasibly be used to stop vaping. But when you look at the data in more detail, it inescapably clear that smokers using the e-cigarette as an aid to stop, and it is very likely that they are useful as a cessation aid. This conclusion is supported by the large sample size of over 13,000.
So – shock horror – Stanton Glantz produced another defective part of research results in line with its ideological goals. Matter how excessive attention still gets serious research, but we can deal directly denials like this, the better.